Despite relatively low concentration of food processing and retail, Poland’s agricultural sector is characterized by large imbalances in bargaining power. Early enforcement of unfair trade practices regulation unveiled a plethora of questionable practices on all levels of the supply chain. Placing the new powers with the Competition Authority shortened the learning period and generated significant case law in a short time span. This allowed for a fine-tuning of the regulation after only 2 years since its adoption. The paper describes the structure of Poland’s agricultural and food supply

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