Sweden Launches an Amended Competition Act: Providing further alignment with Community law, new merger thresholds, and introducing a disqualification order regime for cartel infringements

AmenasdfThis article is part of a Chronicle. See more from this Chronicle Emil Fahlen-Godo, Per Karlsson, Aug 27, 2008 On November 1, 2008, Sweden’s amended Competition Act (SFS 2008:579) (“2008 Competition Act”) will come into force. The country’s current Competition Act (SFS 1993:20) (“1993 Competition Act”) entered into force on July 1, 1993 and since […]

Competition Policy in Poland

This article is part of a Chronicle. See more from this Chronicle Margorzata Krasnodebska-Tomkiel, Aug 26, 2008 Poland created a post-communist competition law system in 1990. The system is based on a public enforcement agency named the Office for Competition and Consumer Protection which is part of a governmental administration. The President heads the OCCP […]

The New Spanish Competition System

This article is part of a Chronicle. See more from this Chronicle Carlos Pascual Pons, Jul 10, 2008 The new Spanish Competition Act, which was unanimously approved by the Spanish Parliament and came into force on the first of September 2007, introduces significant modifications to the system applied to date. This Act builds on the […]

Information Exchange in the Italian Insurance Market in the Framework of the EU BER

This article is part of a Chronicle. See more from this Chronicle Alessandra Tonazzi, May 27, 2008 It is generally recognized that information sharing can produce pro-competitive effects in markets characterized by information asymmetries, by reducing uncertainty and competitive risks. When, as it is the case in the insurance market, firms do not know their […]

Microsoft (EC) and Duty to Deal: Exceptionality and the Transatlantic Divide

Eleanor Fox, Apr 24, 2008 This article examines Microsoft´s offense in withholding full information to its workgroup server operating systems rivals so that they could not interoperate with Microsoft´s systems as seamlessly as Microsoft could. This article agrees with John Vicker´s observation that the Court stretched each of the Magill/IMS criteria defining circumstances so exceptional […]

French Competition Council vs. GSK France: who is the predator?

This article is part of a Chronicle. See more from this Chronicle Jeremy de Douhet, Axel Schulz, Jun 14, 2007 This article was originally published in Competition Policy Insight. It is republished here with permission. On 14 March 2007 the French Competition Council issued a decision imposing a EUR 10 million fine on GlaxoSmithKline France […]

Retail Payments and Card Use in the Netherlands: Pricing, Scale, and Antitrust

Wilko Bolt, Apr 19, 2007 Efficient payment systems are essential components of well-functioning economies and financial markets, facilitating the exchange of goods, services, and assets. The speed and ease with which payments can be processed and executed will in general affect economic activities, output, and price levels. Therefore it is important that payment systems satisfy […]

Walter Eucken and Ordoliberalism: An Introduction from a Consumer Welfare Perspective

Christian Ahlborn, Carsten Grave, Nov 01, 2006 This article serves two purposes, (i) to introduce The Comparative Order and its Implementation, a seminal article published in 1949 by Walter Eucken, ordoliberalism´s, or the Freiburg School´s, most prominent scholar, and (ii) to compare some ordoliberalist competition policy recommendations to those of a consumer welfare standard.

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