The French endive growers and labor groups are appealing a fine handed down by the Autorité de la concurrence in March. France’s antitrust regulator had fined the endive industry 3.65 million euros for cartelization and price-fixing. A spokesperson for the endive sector points to the threats that the nation’s agricultural sector faces from declining fruit and vegetable consumption as well as increased imports.
Full content: FreshPlaza
Related content: A First Principles Approach to Antitrust Enforcement in the Agricultural Industry (Geoffrey Manne, International Center for Law and Economics, Lewis & Clark Law School & Joshua Wright, George Mason University School of Law, Charles River Associates)
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