Actions by competition authorities in Africa are contributing to transforming economic structures, giving more opportunities to the poor as buyers, entrepreneurs, and employees. In addition to the more direct link between competition law enforcement and consumer welfare that can create benefits for the poor, competition authorities are using their advocacy, policy advice, and enforcement powers to create economic opportunities for the less well-off and allow them to contribute to the much-needed productivity growth in the region. As at the end of 2019, 36 countries in Africa now have competition laws and 26 of those have functional competition authorities. With these countries covering over 85 percent of Africa’s GDP, increasing enforcement and advocacy actions by these authorities have the potential to play an important role in pro-poor economic transformation.

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