In this issue:
Addressing Large Cartel Fines
his article focuses on two particular aspects of this line of case law: the status accorded to the OFT’s Guidance on penalties and the principle of equal treatment, and then considers the implications of the CATâ€™s approach for parties seeking to appeal penalties.
I consider that the Commission’s current enforcement system based on deterrent administrative fines has been a tremendous success.
Article 229EC provides that the Community Courts may, by Regulation, be given unlimited jurisdiction as regards sanctions decided under the Regulation in question.
Does the European Commission Provide Parties with a Proper Opportunity to be Heard on the Level of Fines?
Given the very serious impact of fines at their current level, consideration should be given to whether there is better way of providing parties with a hearing in relation to the level of fines.
The Significance of the Intel Fine
The Intel case raises significant questions about the effectiveness of the Commissionâ€™s enforcement policies