By: Jason Pilkington (Truth on the Market)
The European Commission this week published its proposed Artificial Intelligence Regulation, setting out new rules for “artificial intelligence systems” used within the European Union. The regulation—the commission’s attempt to limit pernicious uses of AI without discouraging its adoption in beneficial cases—casts a wide net in defining AI to include essentially any software developed using machine learning. As a result, a host of software may fall under the regulation’s purview.
The regulation categorizes AIs by the kind and extent of risk they may pose to health, safety, and fundamental rights, with the overarching goal to:
- Prohibit “unacceptable risk” AIs outright;
- Place strict restrictions on “high-risk” AIs;
- Place minor restrictions on “limited-risk” AIs;
- Create voluntary “codes of conduct” for “minimal-risk” AIs;
- Establish a regulatory sandbox regime for AI systems;
- Set up a European Artificial Intelligence Board to oversee regulatory implementation; and
- Set fines for noncompliance at up to 30 million euros, or 6% of worldwide turnover, whichever is greater.
AIs That Are Prohibited Outright
The regulation prohibits AI that are used to exploit people’s vulnerabilities or that use subliminal techniques to distort behavior in a way likely to cause physical or psychological harm. Also prohibited are AIs used by public authorities to give people a trustworthiness score, if that score would then be used to treat a person unfavorably in a separate context or in a way that is disproportionate. The regulation also bans the use of “real-time” remote biometric identification (such as facial-recognition technology) in public spaces by law enforcement, with exceptions for specific and limited uses, such as searching for a missing child.
The first prohibition raises some interesting questions. The regulation says that an “exploited vulnerability” must relate to age or disability. In its announcement, the commission says this is targeted toward AIs such as toys that might induce a child to engage in dangerous behavior…