Antitrust Chronicle – Multi-Sided Markets & Consumer Harm

Antitrust Chronicle – Multi-Sided Markets & Consumer Harm

Dear Readers, To close out this consequential year in antitrust, the December 2018 CPI Antitrust Chronicle features articles related to multi-sided platforms and consumer harm. As the legal and economic literature have parsed out over the years, multisided markets have been around and long time, but today they have taken on a rather ubiquitous nature. […]

Google Android Antitrust: Dominance Pivots and a Business Model Clash in Brussels

Google Android Antitrust: Dominance Pivots and a Business Model Clash in Brussels

By Randal Picker –  The European Commission’s recent action against Google regarding the licensing terms for Android appears to undervalue results of the business model competition that has taken place in smartphone operating systems. Apple, Microsoft, and Google entered the smartphone market with different approaches: Apple vertically integrated software and hardware; Google went two-sided; and […]

The European Commission’s Android Decision and Broader Lessons for Article 102 Enforcement

The European Commission’s Android Decision and Broader Lessons for Article 102 Enforcement

By Nicholas Banasevic –  Against the backdrop of the ongoing debate about the appropriate role for competition policy in hi-tech markets and the suitability of its analytical tools, this article examines some of the key findings of the European Commission’s July 2018 Android Decision. While it is important to delineate between what issues should be […]

A Preliminary Assessment of the European Commission’s Google Android Decision

A Preliminary Assessment of the European Commission’s Google Android Decision

By Pınar Akman –  This article offers a preliminary overview of some of the pertinent aspects of the European Commission’s Google Android decision. It discusses the definition of the relevant market and competitive constraints in the case, including the potential constraint from Apple. It also offers thoughts on the theory of harm in the case […]

Google Android: Record-Breaking Fine on Anti-Competitive Practices Under Article 102 TFEU

Google Android: Record-Breaking Fine on Anti-Competitive Practices Under Article 102 TFEU

By Anca D. Chirita –  Commentators have been waiting for the Google II decision since mid-summer. The present contribution is based solely on the revelations in the European Commission’s press release. It concerns the anti-competitive tying, the exclusivity requirements, the market-foreclosure test, and consumer harm, as evidenced by unconscious bias and the lock-in effect, as […]

Assessing the Impact of Vertical Integration in Platform Markets

Assessing the Impact of Vertical Integration in Platform Markets

By Jerome Pouyet & Thomas Trégouët –  We analyze a vertical merger between a platform providing an operating system and a device manufacturer in the presence of indirect network effects between buyers of devices and developers of applications. Indirect network effects generate a form of demand complementarity at the manufacturer level. Vertical integration creates market […]

With Uncertain Damage Theory Come Unpredictable Effects of Remedies: “Libres Propos” on The Android Case

With Uncertain Damage Theory Come Unpredictable Effects of Remedies: “Libres Propos” on The Android Case

By Frédéric Marty & Julien Pillot –  This contribution analyzes the EU Commission’s Google Android decision of July 18, 2018. We question both the underlying damage theory and the potential effects of associated remedies. We investigate their impact on Android’s two-sided structure. These remedies question both Google’s business model and Android’s technical architecture as anti-fragmentation […]

Structuralist Innovation: A Shaky Legal Presumption in Need of an Overhaul

Structuralist Innovation: A Shaky Legal Presumption in Need of an Overhaul

By Dirk Auer –  The relationship between competition and innovation has puzzled economists for the last century. This had led to a growing body of work which ultimately concludes that no market structure is strictly superior at fostering innovation. Despite these findings, the European Commission has recently adopted a number of decisions – including the […]

Antitrust Chronicle – Antitrust Due Process

Antitrust Chronicle – Antitrust Due Process

Dear Readers, The November 2018 CPI Antitrust Chronicle features articles which play a role in the global conversation about norms for antitrust due process. As companies increasingly engage in international/global business transactions, there is also a growing number of jurisdictions with competition agencies (over 140 agencies in over 100 countries) that enforce competition laws. These […]

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