Antitrust Remedies in Digital Search Hinge on User Behavior


In “Competition, Defaults, and Antitrust Remedies in Digital Search,” Francesco Decarolis and Muxin Li of Bocconi University explain how to enhance competition in digital markets by analyzing the recent changes to default search apps on Android devices as a result of the European Commission decision in the Google Android case.

Below are a few extracts from the article:

On July 18, 2018, the European Commission (“EC”) fined Google €4.34 billion for imposing illegal restrictions on Android device manufacturers and mobile network operators. The case revolved around contractual restrictions that Google had allegedly imposed to strengthen its dominant position in the market for internet search. The EC, in addition to imposing a fine, also coordinated with Google a change in business practices involving the determination of the default search engine on new Android devices.

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