Coercive mediation – why it is a way of life for bilateral monopolies in Russia?

Coercive mediation – why it is a way of life for bilateral monopolies in Russia?

March 2019 CPI Europe Column edited by Anna Tzanaki (Competition Policy International) & Juan Delgado (Global Economics Group) presents: Coercive mediation – why it is a way of life for bilateral monopolies in Russia? By Kirill V. Dozmarov (ART DE LEX Law Firm)1 Click here for a PDF version of the article Introduction The simple model of an abstract […]

Google, Mobile And Competition: The Current State Of Play

Google, Mobile And Competition: The Current State Of Play

By Benjamin Edelman – Google’s widely-used Android operating system is open source software. Any developer who wishes to examine the source code can download it in full. Any device manufacturer that wishes to install “bare Android” can do so free of any Google apps whatsoever, and subject to minimal restrictions and few obligations to Google or […]

Competition Issues Regarding Procurement for Large Companies and Suppliers The Gazprom Case

Svetlana Golovanova, Andrey Shastitko, Nov 27, 2013 This article demonstrates that even established and verified facts of agreements among producers are not sufficient conditions for either cartel identification and, as a consequence, prosecution of agreement participants. Qualifying sellers’ interactions on a market as collusion is not a simple task, although it might seem so if […]

Methods for Setting Fines for Cartels in Russia and the Deterrence Effect as Compared to the United States and the European Union

Alexander Egorushkin, Mar 28, 2013 Over the last 10-20 years, the regulation of fines for antitrust violations has been amended several times in the United States and the European Union, significantly increasing the amount of imposed fines. Within the same time period, antitrust regulation and policy have spread across the globe and, as an enforcement […]

Rules on Retailer-Supplier Relationships in the Competition Policy of the Russian Federation: How and Why Misunderstanding Economics Threatens the Competitiveness of the Sector

Svetlana Avdasheva, Andrey Shastitko, Jul 27, 2012 The Law ‘On Trade,’ adopted in the Russian Federation at the end of 2009, introduced a set of rules that regulate the terms of contracts between food suppliers and retail chains. The legal requirements are very different to any regulations employed in other countries (including the Grocery Supply […]

Local Competition Bodies and Antimonopoly Policy Effectiveness in Transition Economies

Aldash Aitzhanov, May 29, 2012 There is some empirical evidence that the effectiveness of antimonopoly policy (hereinafter referred to as the “EAP”) depends on different aspects of policy design, like engaging in leniency policy and competition authority independence. However, these features of competition policy design do not explain how countries can effectively implement competition policy […]

Introduction of Leniency Programs for Cartel Participants: The Russian Case

Svetlana Avdasheva, Andrey Shastitko, Aug 30, 2011 Collusion of market participants is one of the most dangerous forms of restriction of competition, adversely affecting incentives and, as a consequence, allocation and production efficiencies. According to some estimates, the average price rise under price-fixing is 10 percent ; several studies give even higher estimates. For example, […]

Collective Dominance Through the Lens of Comparative Antitrust

MAndrey Shastitko, Aug 30, 2011 A new stage in the development of the Russian antitrust policy began in 2006, due to the development and adoption of the package of laws aimed to harmonize Russian antitrust legislation with European practices. This adoption changed not only the design of the antitrust legislation, but also its role in […]

Competition Policy in Russia: Historical Sources, the Current State, and Evolutionary Perspectives

Denis Matvienko, Yuri Rubin, Jan 27, 2011 In structured market systems, state competition policy is an inherent part of the government’s activity in the context of competition protection and development and, as such, acts as an essential pillar of an existing, viable market system. The rational observer understands the defense of competition to be the […]