Vertical Restraints Versus Horizontal Agreements In The Manufacturer – Distributor Relationship

Vertical Restraints Versus Horizontal Agreements In The Manufacturer – Distributor Relationship

By John Jiong Gong and Vanessa Yanhua Zhang – Since the enforcement of the Anti-Monopoly Law (“AML”) in China, there have been several high-profile antitrust litigations involving vertical restraints in the manufacturer-distributor relationship. In China vertical restraints are also called vertical monopoly agreements in the context of the AML. In 2013, the Shanghai Higher Court set […]

Bathtub Conspiracies – An Indian Competition Law Perspective

Bathtub Conspiracies – An Indian Competition Law Perspective

By Ravisekhar Nair & Aakarsh Narula – The Competition Commission of India (“CCI”) has become one of India’s most active regulators. The wide-ranging commercial implications of competition law enforcement on domestic and international business groups present in India have made it imperative for them to insulate their legitimate commercial practices from conduct which may be […]


RPM is one of the hottest areas of competition law in the world. A recent Chinese landmark case—Johnson & Johnson—was not only the first significant case won by a private litigant in China, but it marked the first time a Chinese Court has publicly expanded on an appropriate RPM approach. Our guest Editor, Adrian Emch, author of China’s […]


In this issue: The Price Squeeze Issue: Views From the United States Scott Martin, Apr 15, 2009 The linkLine Decision: Section 2 Gets Squeezed Further The Court’s February 25, 2009 decision in linkLine can afford little comfort to plaintiffs pursuing claims under Section 2 of the Sherman Act. David Olsky, Apr 15, 2009 Pacific Bell […]


In this issue: On April 20, 2010 the Commission adopted a new Block Exemption Regulation applicable to vertical agreements. At the same time, it adopted the contents of accompanying Guidelines on vertical restraints. In a special two-part series, organized by Ioannis Lianos, we’re publishing nine comments. We lead off with four DG Comp experts presenting […]


In this issue: Welcome to the home page of The CPI Antitrust Chronicle (formerly GCP Magazine).  In this issue, we’re revisiting an old friend – Leegin. Numerous states and Congress continue to be unhappy with the Supreme Court ruling and each is trying to determine how to turn the clock back. We present both sides […]

The Analysis of Tying Cases: A Primer

Jean Tirole, Apr 01, 2005 This primer analyzes factors that make ties more likely either to hurt or to benefit consumers. It first identifies factors that influence where the impact of tying on competition in the tied market stands, ranging from little impact on the rivals’ ability to compete to total exclusion of competitors. Then, […]

Treatment of Resale Price Maintenance in Hong Kong

This article is part of a Chronicle. See more from this Chronicle Ping Lin, Sep 30, 2015 Three years after its enactment, the Competition Ordinance of Hong Kong is set to come into force on December 14, 2015. This article reviews the conceptually framework which the Hong Kong Competition Commission  will be adopting in assessing […]

Resale Price Maintenance Under the Hong Kong Competition Ordinance—An Uneasy Compromise

This article is part of a Chronicle. See more from this Chronicle Mark Jephcott, Adelaide Luke, Lisa Geary, Molly Herron, Sep 30, 2015 The treatment of resale price maintenance under Hong Kong’s soon-to-be operational competition regime is a hot topic in the region. RPM, the practice under which a manufacturer/supplier establishes fixed or minimum (or, […]

Online Price Restraints Under U.S. Antitrust Law

This article is part of a Chronicle. See more from this Chronicle Richard Steuer, May 15, 2015 In the United States, the application of the antitrust laws to electronic commerce has progressed incrementally over the years. At first, the conventional wisdom was that electronic commerce was too new a phenomenon to expect the antitrust laws […]

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